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K-800 Ground Fault Locator

Kongter’s K-800 Ground Fault Locator is the new model which is developed to fast detect, trace and pinpoint virtual ground faults in LIVE DC systems where electrical cables have breakage with current lost to ground. 
Without signal injection to tested circuit, K-800 is safe during signal tracing. Signal comparison and direction indication make it fast to trace signal fault. Also, low frequency and low current measurement enable it a very high efficiency for LIVE (online) signal tracing to bypass the online interferences.
Kongter offers multiple options of ground fault locator from basic to advanced models for customers with different application purposes. You could also refer to K-3838 Ground Fault Locator.

 
K-800 DC Ground Fault Locator_Catalog

Description

Unique Features
  1. Safe to use
    It adopts measurement bridge inside the signal analyzer to analyze voltage, current and grounding resistance. No injection of current signal to the tested system. No relay triggering by mistake. 
  2. Ideal for LIVE DC systems
    Low frequency measurement , effective bypass the interference caused by online distributed capacitance and other interruption. Ideal for signal tracing when system is ONLINE.
  3. Direction Orientation
    Fast location of ground fault with different working modes. Accurate direction orientation of ground fault in different circuit branches and comprehensive analysis of waveform.
  4. Different option of CT
    Kongter offers different  selection of high sensitive current sensors to make it applicable for complicated wiring structure in the field. Very flexible for different DC systems on site.
  5. Intelligent measurement function
    • Signal analyzer can automatically identify system voltage leveling.
    • When insulation resistance has any change, signal analyzer could quickly indicate the change.
    • Distance will not affect the signal detection once the signal analyzer and detector are synchronized.
    • During earth fault detection, current clamp could either clamp on single cable or multiple cables for faster and more effective signal tracing.
    • Signal detector will indicate the direction of ground fault on screen once it detects any insulation problem.
    • Signal detector and analyzer have wireless communication. Complete measurement could handle different types of insulation problem in DC system.
    • Signal analyzer has different working modes like amplitude adjustment and waveform view which are suitable for different complicated applications.
Function
  • Measures voltage between DC system and ground ranging from 0 to 300V.
  • Measures grounding resistance up to 999KΩ for both busbars and each branch circuit
  • It detects and measures AC voltage which interrupts in DC system. Detection range is from 0 to 288V.
  • It performs the function as accurate current meter with resolution up to 0.01mA.
  • Arrow indication effectively helps users trace the signal and pinpoint the earth fault.
  • Waveform display for tested circuit, indicating insulation status and current changes in tested circuit, it help users fast and effectively locate the point with earth fault.
  • It tests and displays distributed capacitance in the system in real time. This helps users bypass the interference for ground fault location.
  • Fast signal positioning for the point of earth fault for both negative and positive busbars with the help of waveform and signal direction.
  • Signal analyzer has different working modes like amplitude adjustment, frequency adjustment and waveform view which are very helpful for earth fault detection in high resistance grounding.
  • The analyzing function of signal frequency spectrum effectively helps extract the testing signal amplitude which makes measurement more accurate.
Specification

Signal analyzer specification:

  • Operation environment
    • Working power: DC40V-300V
    • Temperature: -20℃—55℃
    • Humility:0—90%
  • DC voltage measurement
    • Measurement range:0-300V
    • Resolution: 0.1V
    • Accuracy: 0.2%
  • AC voltage measurement
    • Measurement range: 0-300V
    • Resolution: 0.1V
    • Accuracy: 0.5%
  • Insulation resistance measurement
    • Measurement range: 0-999.9KΩ
    • Resolution: 0.1KΩ
    • Accuracy: ≤±5%
  • Measurement Bridge:
    • Adjustment range: 0mA, 0.25mA, 0.5mA, 1mA, 2mA & 4mA(optional)
    • Frequency range: 0.25Hz
  • Grounding detection range: up to 200KΩ
  • Distributed capacitance measurement
    • Measurement range: 0-999uF
  • Measurement waveform: square wave & sine wave
  • Working mode: compulsory signal & automatic signal
  • Display: 320x240 pixels TFT
  • Power supply: powered by tested circuit
  • Weight and dimension: 0.448kg, 200*145*75mm

Signal detector specification

  • Grounding resistance measurement                          
    • Measurement range:0-500KΩ
    • Resolution: 0.1KΩ
    • Accuracy: ≤±10%
  • Frequency spectrum analysis
    • Number of channel: 1
    • Frequency range: 0.125-12.5Hz
    • Resolution: 0.125Hz
  • Display period of current waveform: 8s
  • Measuring range for feeder: 0~2A
  • Current measurement range: -100~+100mA
  • Current resolution: 0.01mA
  • Display: 320x240 pixel TFT
  • Clamp jaw size: Ф30mm, Ф40mm and Ф10mm (optional)
  • Power supply: 5V by 4 pieces of AA standard battery
  • Weight and dimension: 0.303kg, 215*100*33mm

Wireless communication specification:

  • Speed: 2Mbps
  • Multi-frequency: 125 frequency points, suitable for multiple points communication and frequency hopping communication
  • Very small size: built-in 2.4GHz antenna with dimension of 15x29mm
  • Low power consumption: in answer mode communication, quick data transmission and starting time will effectively lower power consumption.
FAQ

Q: What may happen if I don’t trace the signal fault in DC system?
A: Multiple grounds can occur on the dc system at the same time. This situation becomes critical when the combined ground resistance becomes so low that high-voltage circuit breaker control schemes are unable to open or close breakers when required or dc system circuit breakers and or fuses open due to over current resulting in de-energization of vital operating equipment.
There are some other bad consequences due to ground fault. Please click HERE for more consequences and solutions.

Q: What are the causes of DC ground fault?
A: Some common sources of low resistances to ground include:

  • Moisture in conduit
  • Junction boxes or switch/sensor terminations
  • Wire splices soaking in water
  • Degraded cable or wire insulation caused by aging
  • Environmental conditions
  • Wild habitat and constant abrasion from vibration
  • Sharp objects piercing cable and wire insulation
  • Wires that have pulled out of their terminations and touch ground or water
  • Failed capacitors or semiconductor surge suppressors.

Q: What are the principles of tracing the signal fault?
A: There are 3 methods for signal tracing in circuit which is with earth fault:
1). Traditional Method: Sectionalization 
Traditional ways of fault location in DC system involves sectionalization or interruption of DC branches to isolate the ground fault.
2). Current Injection
This method will inject a low-frequency AC signal and use this AC signal to locate the ground fault in the DC system.
3). Use Measurement Bridge
For online fault location, ground fault locator adopts the measurement bridge (switchable resistor) inside the signal analyzer to analyze voltage, current and grounding resistance. Then it uses signal detector to pinpoint the fault.

Q: What are the advantages of using switchable bridge (resistor) measurement?
A: It does not need injection of current signal to tested system and thus no relay tripping. It is more effective for fault location and safe to the tested circuits.

Q: How do you bypass the interference during live (online) signal tracing?
A: There is always interference caused by distributed capacitance in live (online) measurement. To bypass this interference and trace the fault faster, in firmware we use very low measurement frequency; in hardware, we use high sensitive current sensor for signal tracing.

Q: How do you avoid relay tripping during signal tracing?
A: We are using very low measurement current (lower than 5mA). Also, we are using the technique of measurement bridge (switchable resistor inside signal analyzer) for signal analysis. There is no any signal injection to the tested circuit. This will not cause relay tripping in live signal tracing.

Applications

K-800 Ground Fault Locator is widely applied in different DC system for ground fault location including:

  • Power Utility: DC system with faulty grounding
  • Railway and Transit: signal, communication, and locomotive electric equipment
  • Industrial Facilities: electric safety equipment for general power distribution applications
  • Telecommunication: electronic equipment with earth fault   

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